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START exercise preps Team V for inspectors' visit

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Tech. Sgt. Scott Strieby calls out the length measurement of a Minuteman III transporter/erector as part of a Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty exercise June 11.  The test facility intergration manager with the 1st Air and Space Test Squadron used the hanging weight as a guide to find the length of the missile vehicle.  (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Stephen Cadette)

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Tech. Sgt. Scott Strieby calls out the length measurement of a Minuteman III transporter/erector as part of a Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty exercise July 11. The test facility intergration manager with the 1st Air and Space Test Squadron used the hanging weight as a guide to find the length of the missile vehicle. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Stephen Cadette)

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Airmen who will escort representatives of the Stategic Arms Reduction Treaty listen on June 11 as Butch Price explains what the Russian investigators will be looking for during their inspection.  The inactive Minuteman III launch vehicle is a training tool for missile maintainers who assist during START inspections.  (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Stephen Cadette)

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Airmen who will escort representatives of the Stategic Arms Reduction Treaty listen on July 11 as Butch Price, 30th Space Wing Plans Treaty office, explains what the Russian investigators will be looking for during their inspection. The inactive Minuteman III launch vehicle is a training tool for missile maintainers who assist during START inspections. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Stephen Cadette)

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Airmen from the 1st Air and Space Test Squadron measure the length of a Minuteman III transporter/erector vehicle June 11.  Their work supported the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty exercise by walking Airmen through steps the inspectors will take when they come to Vandenberg.  (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Stephen Cadette)

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Airmen from the 1st Air and Space Test Squadron measure the length of a Minuteman III transporter/erector vehicle July 11. Their work supported the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty exercise by walking Airmen through steps the inspectors will take when they come to Vandenberg. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Stephen Cadette)

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Airmen who will escort representatives of the Stategic Arms Reduction Treaty listen on June 11 as Butch Price explains what the Russian investigators will be looking for during their inspection.  The inactive launch vehicle is a training tool for missile maintainers who assist during START inspections.  (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Stephen Cadette)

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Airmen who will escort representatives of the Stategic Arms Reduction Treaty listen on July 11 as Butch Price, 30th Space Wing Plans Treaty office, explains what the Russian investigators will be looking for during their inspection. The inactive launch vehicle is a training tool for missile maintainers who assist during START inspections. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Stephen Cadette)

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Tech. Sgts. Ronald Evans and Jose Dorado measure the length of an inactive Peacekeeper launch vehicle July 11 as part of a Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty exercise.  The Airmen from the 1st Air and Space Test Squadron participated in the exercise which prepared facility managers, escorts and a START Support Staff for the arms reduction inspections.  (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Stephen Cadette)

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Tech. Sgts. Ronald Evans and Jose Dorado measure the length of an inactive Peacekeeper launch vehicle July 11 as part of a Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty exercise. The Airmen from the 1st Air and Space Test Squadron participated in the exercise which prepared facility managers, escorts and a START Support Staff for the arms reduction inspections. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Stephen Cadette)

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Launch Facility 5 rests high on a plain on North Base overlooking many miles of Vandenberg's coastline. At one time, it was an active Peacekeeper missile silo. Now, three missile maintainers are working on the silo's surface, participating in an exercise of international proportions. And they are having a problem.

They're using a hydraulic pusher to drag the 10-ton octagonal concrete and steel door above the silo far enough over to the side so that someone can look down into the tube. But it won't budge.

To make matters worse, twenty Airmen watch them from the rail overlooking the silo. They're like spectators waiting for an event that was supposed to happen twenty minutes ago, bored standing in the late afternoon sun.

It was the last step of a long day, the final phase of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, or START, exercise that began at 3 a.m. on July 11 when Thomas Hom got on his phone and sent the exercise notification to many base agencies, on-call facility managers and the homes of sleeping escorts. That's when the 30th Space Wing Plans Programs and Requirements specialist shot the message heard 'round the base.

The Russians were coming.

The START treaties are the joint U.S., Russian Federation, Republic of Kazakstan, Republic of Belavus and Ukraine agreements concerning nuclear weapons reduction. The START agreements aim to reduce the number of delivery vehicles and warheads over several years.

Since, the Minuteman II, III and the decommissioned Peacekeepers have been tested here, Vandenberg is the only test range in the United States declared under START. When the inspectors come to Vandenberg, they visit 12 inspectable sites and any silo test launcher that they are told does not contain any of these missiles. They'll surely want to peer down inside to double check there aren't any START accountable missiles down there. That's the reason missile maintainer Staff Sgt. Rodney Bobo, 576th Flight Test Squadron and his three-man team won't stop until they get the door moved.

"Vandenberg requires a full time effort for whenever the START team comes," Mr. Hom said. This exercise finishes his training so he can fill in for Butch Price and Bruce MacIntyre of the 30th Space Wing Plans Treaty office. Mr. Price played the multi-hatted role of START inspector and U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency representative. At the end of the day, Mr. Hom and Mr. Price would have logged in 15 hours.

For the escorts, except for an early morning phone call, their nine-hour day began at 8 a.m. in the Vandenberg Center auditorium for a pre-inspection brief. 30th Space Wing Commander Col. Steve Tanous gave a quick speech, and then Mr. Price introduced his team. As he did, he directed the order of events and explained their purpose to the two dozen or so people in the group.

He said the 10-person START team may, at any point during the inspection, split up and head in up to five different directions as groups of two. To accommodate them, Vandenberg needs 20 people on call at any given time for when the Russian START team arrives.

Odd may describe some of the older sites the escorts saw. One was a Peacekeeper launch pad that hasn't been used in decades; now it appears to be nothing more than a fenced in parking lot, with tall weeds growing from cracks in the concrete. But if inspectors decide they want to view it, they must be given access, because the site was listed in the START treaty.

While the escorts toured the sites, facility managers had been standing by waiting since the pre-inspection brief--some even earlier.

They used digital walkie-talkies to communicate with escorts who announced where they are and where they are going next. The radios are new, and not every agency is up to speed with using them. The exercise gave them the chance to work out kinks with the new digital radios.

"That's why we do exercises," Mr. Price said.

Back in the Vandenberg Center, a START Support Staff, or SSS, assembled at the start of the exercise to "make sure the inspection goes without a hitch," said Master Sgt. Brown, the SSS director. The staff represents mission support agencies like the 30th Security Forces Squadron and the 30th Logistics Readiness Squadron, as well as the launch facility owners like the 576th Flight Test Squadron and the 1st ASTS.

Because the Russians can decide to visit a site on a moment's notice, the facility managers would be put on 24-hour standby at the sites and ready for the inspectors when they arrive. At the Russians' requests, they measure inspectable items and open doors to any area big enough to store an inspectable object such as vehicle first stages and transporter/erector systems for intercontinental ballistic missiles.

As for the escorts, their day involved a lot of travel between sites on the main cantonment area and North Base. A 30th Logistics Readiness Squadron bus shuttled the escorts to the Vandenberg Missile Assembly Building, several Peacekeeper facilities and a stage processing facility, as well as a Minuteman III bunker storage area. The tour introduced the escorts to many sites on base they might not normally see.

"It's great to see a spectrum of the base," said Capt. Richard Maze, an instructor with the 381st Training Group. "Everybody likes to see other people's jobs."

It's important not to be blind-sided when the Russians arrive, Captain Maze said. But many of the people on the tour said they weren't sure how much benefit they got from visiting the sites when the Russians may not come until February.

"I don't know if we'll remember all this in eight months," Captain Maze said.

Even so, the exercise proved itself to be a full-spectrum, tightly coordinated event, because it tied together the escort walk-through, the facility manager preparation and the START Support Staff stand-up. Vandenberg expects to maintain its perfect track record when it hosts the Russian inspectors, Mr. Price said.

"There haven't been any violations at any installation so far," he said with a grin.

Now if they could only get that door open.

The hydraulic pusher unit whined, and the grip of months of dirt and years of rust gave way with the popping sound of an opening jar. One of the escorts had on the four-point safety harness. Acting as a Russian inspector, 1st Lt. Joe Wright with the 30th Launch Support Squadron leaned over the edge of the silo. With a heavy duty flashlight he peered down into the 90-plus-foot silo. But the light flickered and went out.

"The battery died," Sergeant Bobo said. "Let me get another out of the truck."

Just another kink to work out. As Mr. Price said, that's why there are exercises. Satisfied with the view down the top of Launch Facility 5, Lieutenant Wright steps back from the edge. This site is prepared for inspection.